Types of Editorial

1. Editorial of Information – it seeks to give information on facts of news stories or add other facts with minimum explanation. It may define terms, identify persons or factors or provide a background.




The effectiveness of the “bayanihan” spirit was best shown by groups of students, hundreds of them, as they took to the streets in support of the Metro Manila clean-up and beautification drive.
The students, coming from different schools in Tondo , pooled themselves together, cleaned the streets, and beautified them with potted ornamental plants. This is bayanihan in action.
The bayanihan is an ancient Filipino custom, symbolic of the Filipino way of group work. As found in the Vocabulario de la Lengua Tagala (1745) by P. Juan de Noceda and P. Pedro de Sncluar, the word bayanihan is derived from the rootword bayani meaning Obra comun or group work.
Another related word, magpabayani, is a request for help by one who wants a job done for him, and evokes response from neighbors who come in groups to offer their services in all forms and their own simple ways. In return, the nagpabayani gets free breakfast, lunch or merienda —-a token of appreciation and gratitudes of the nagpabayani.


Bayanihan is more than help extended to another. It includes all kinds of assistance; aid, relief, or rescue given free. It may be getting together to pray for a departed soul, or grouping together for operation linis or operation tulong.

Working together in a spirit of faith, love, and charity is the essence of bayanihan; that spirits of togetherness that makes the Filipino ditict from other peoples of the world. It is fine spirit of group work to instill in the young for the development of proper attitudes towards all forms of team work at home, in school, and in tha community.

The bayanihan could be a basis for the strengthening and the enriching of our group life that will evolve a strong unity properly directed towards useful citizenship.



2. Editorial of Interpretation – It explains the significance or meaning of a news event, current idea, condition, or situation, theory, or hypothesis. The writer doesn’t argue nor criticize, but merely present both sides of an issue and leaves the judgment to the reader. It merely interprets, say for example, the content of a new memorandum issued by the principal.


Today the Philippines has a population of 80 million. At the present rate of growth, this small country, would only be most affected by the evil effect of population explosion.
This means that most of our high school students now, who would only be in their early 40’s or 50’s at that time, will be the ones to be most affected by the evil effect of population explosion.
As of today our basic problems are food, water, housing, education, and pollution. Just imagined how these problems would be aggravated by the 150 million mouths to feed, backs to clothe, heads to shelter, and minds to educate.
Also today the world has a population of four billions. These will double in 35 years time. The world population is increasing at the rate of an additional 2,000 million every eight years.
In six and a half centuries from now, there would be one person standing on every square foot of land on earth. By that time, men would be no more place for plants to grow.
The only way to avoid this situation would be through population planning. The first consequence can be seen in the faces of hungry men. One half of humanity is hungry at this moment. There is less food per person on earth today than there was30 years ago during the worldwide depression.
Political chaos is death through world wars, revolutions, aggressions, rebellions, and the like.
The third and the best remedy is population planning done through family planning. Family planning simply means the planning of the size and spacing of one’s family by means of scientific knowledge and method.





3. Editorial of Criticism – It points out the good or the bad features of a problem or situation mentioned in the news. Its purpose is to influence the reader. It suggests a solution at the end.

A flag ceremony, wherever it be a flag raising or a flag retreat is sacred. Therefore, it should be observed with all the solemnity and sacredness a Filipino citizen can muster.
The National Anthem (Pambansang awit), like the national flag, should be treated with ceremonial respect.
On this anniversary of the declaration of Independent in Kawit in 1898 it is perhaps timely to remind all and to behave during flag ceremonies.
Sad to say, many students during the Monday morning flag raising ceremonies, instead of standing at attention while singing the National Anthem, and while reciting the Patriotic Fledge (Panatang Makabayan), move around play and have completely disregarding what’s going on.
It is for this reasons that we are calling the attention of all teachers, especially the social studies teachers to give more emphasis on teaching values, love of country, respect for the flag, veneration of heroes, and proper behavior during flag ceremonies
In flag ceremonies cannot be held properly, why then do we hold them at all.




4. Editorial of Commendation, Appreciation, or Tribute – It praises, commends, or pays tribute to a person or organization that has performed some worthwhile projects or deeds, or accomplishments.



“And the Lord said unto Cain. Where is Abel your brother? And he said, ‘ I know not. Am I my brother’s keeper?” – Genesis 4:9
This question asked millions of years ago in the Garden of Eden has not lost its meaning.
This was the same question students of Osmena High school had sought to answer, and answered, when the biggest flood in recent years hit Central Luzon.
When the appeal for help was aired by the mass media, local student leaders launched a three pronged drive to solicit relief aid for the flood victims.
Majority of the students belong to poor families. Most of them cannot even afford to buy more than a pair of uniforms for their daily use. But when the appeal for aid was sounded, they lost no time in finding ways and means to help their less fortunate brothers. They knew that they were their brotherss’ keepers.
The hat was literally passed around. In no time, the sum of 20,000 was collected. Aside from this, canned goods, rice, medicine, and old clothes were also collected.
The drive, which started as a spark, soon grew and spread like wildfire: the teachers, alumni, and former members of the editorial staff joined the “Help Our Brothers” bandwagon.
A part of the money was sent to the flood victims through the national dailies. The rest, plus the relief goods, were personally delivered to them in Central Luzon during the height of the floods by the student leaders.
The schools aid may be just like a drop of water in a bucket. But true to what James Lowell said in his poem:
“The Vision of Sir Launfal”

Not what we give, but what we share,
For the gift without the giver is bare,
Who gives himself with his aid feeds three,
Himself, his hungering neighbor and me.
May these students from Osmena High School serve as models for other students to emulate. May their tribe increase?




September 9 marks the 106th birthday anniversary of a great man whose un measurable deeds can never fade but should always live in the memory of every Filipino. The man was Don Sergio Osmena sr., the Grand old Man of Cebu.

In his lifetime, President Osmena was the light that illuminated our darkened trail during the first days of the liberation, leading to our national enlightenment and freedom-the building of our Republic. It was he who continued the fight when his predecessor, President Quezon, failed to return to his beloved people.

President Osmena, in spite of wealth and power, was one of the humblest government officials and President that our country has ever had. As a man, he was real; as a friend, he was indispensable and true; as a leader, he was an example; as a citizen, he was most patriotic; and as a personality, he was dynamic and virtuous.

All that he was is now a shadow, but that same shadow stands as a standard with which we can realize our present state of being. Indeed, few are the men who live the life of Don Sergio Osmena. That our school was named after such a great yet humble hero is something every Osmenan should be proud of.




5. Editorial of Argumentation – This is oftentimes called editorial of persuasion. The editor argues in order to convince or persuade the reader to accept his stand on the issue.



Can science be reconciled with religion?

This was the argument discussed in the open forum during the science seminar-workshop held July 18 at the school social hall in observance of National Science and Technology week.
This statement from the speech of Mr. Ernesto L. Damaso of the National Science Technology association who said that only truth does not change.


There is no contradiction between science and religion when both are property understood; what is needed is a proper knowledge of religion and a more scholarly interpretation of the bible, the Koran, and other similar books, for there can never be a contradiction between any truth revealed by God in the holy scriptures and any findings of science, properly tested and verified.
Holy Scriptures of whatever religion are not textbooks of science. Their purpose is all the same-to inculcate moral, spiritual, and religious truth.
The subject matter of science on the other hand is the physical universe. Its purpose is to discover the law of nature.
Religion and science move in the essentially different orbits. Religion is concerned primarily with spiritual realities with moral values, with the intangibles which elude both the pills and the test tubes; science with matter and energy which can be seen, weighed, and measured.
Religion has no fear of science. It does not tremble before discussion but before ignorance. It welcomes with eager hospitality every new finding. Thus further man goes into outer space, the better vision he has of GOD, and the deeper insight he acquires into the Divine Administration of the universe.
Scientists are searching for the truth in the field of nature just as the moralists are seeking to clarify the application of ethereal and eternal truth to the changing social and economic conditions of modern life.
The church welcomes truth wherever it may be found in history, in Biblical researchers, in psychological and natural fields of human inquiry. It welcomes every wise thought and every useful discovery, whatever its origin.

6. Editorial of entertainment – It evokes a smile, a chuckle, laughter, while suggesting truth. Its main aim is to entertain. It is usually short.
7. Mood editorial – It presents a philosophy rather than an argument or an explanation. Oftentimes, the subject matter is nature or emotion.


Old year 1993 with knitted brown, limping and hungry, black-eyed by student demonstrations, social unrest, dirty, politics, criminality, kidnapping, and a revillion has just departed, leaving behind great problems to Youthful 1994.
All around the country are tensions, miseries, and a starvation. Hunger stalks the land, as different kinds of diseases inflict the people.

The poor and the unfortunate stage the same old story. The power of political struggle and the growing strength of the NPA and Muslim rebels have crept even into the once peaceful barrios throughout the country, while countless of millions look up to the sky with hope for order, peace, and sobriety.

Now that the New Year is here, it is the time to take stock of and adjust ourselves to a brighter tomorrow. Let us stand firmly, for the future depends on how we make it. All that we do is only a matter of trials, struggles, and sacrifices.
But above all, let us practice peace and love of God and of our fellowmen.




8. Special occasion – it explains the significance of a special day or occasion.



When some students began decorating their rooms with Valentine trimmings, a critic asked, “Is it necessary to celebrate Valentines’ Day? Is not a good for nothing occasion like Christmas?
Contrary to what the critic said, Valentine’s Day is not just a froth and flower occasion devoid of any meaning at all. It has a distinct place and function in contemporary life; otherwise its observance would have been dropped after the Vatican had declared St. Valentine’s Day. To them, the existence of the patron saint is immaterial.
What is important is, that people still believe in the existence of love, love between lovers, love between children and their elders, love among men, and love between man and God.
These kinds of love are universal. They are the ties that bind the world together to keep it from crumbling into hatred and wickedness.


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